Albumin is the smallest protein molecule in our blood and every single albumin in it is produced in the liver. It is a sensitive indicator of liver and kidney function.
Calcium measurements are useful in the diagnosis of parathyroid disease, some bone disorders and chronic renal disease. A low level of calcium may result in tetany.
Also Known As: Ca
Calcium, Urine (24-hour)
This test measures Calcium levels in a 24-hour urine sample. Calcium is a mineral which contributes to healthy bones and teeth as well as other functions including the nervous system, heart, and muscles. Measuring the calcium levels being passed from the body in urine can help determine if a person has an excess or deficiency.
Carbon Dioxide, Blood
Carbon Dioxide measurements are used in the diagnosis and treatment of numerous potentially serious disorders associated with changes in body acid-base balance.
Also Known As: CO2, Carbon Dioxide Total
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a fat soluble cofactor that is essential for energy producing metabolic pathways and for the proper functioning of the mitochondrial oxidative system. With insufficient CoQ10, the electron transfer activity of the mitochondria decreases, resulting in a net failure to produce the energy necessary to run the cell.
Also Known As: CoQ10, Total Coenzyme Q10
Creatine Kinase, Total
Blood creatinine level is measured as a test of kidney function to estimate the glomerular filtration rate (GFR), the rate of blood flow through the kidneys.
Also Known As: CK, CPK, Creatine Phosphokinase
Useful in the diagnosis of hypochromic, microcytic anemias. Decreased in iron deficiency anemia and increased in iron overload.
This test measure the glucose after fasting and then having a sample of glucose drink to see how is the body's response to glucose two hours later.
Also Known As: 1 hour OGTT
This test measures the amount of homocysteine in the blood. Homocysteine is a type of amino acid that is present throughout the body in all cells in small amounts.
This test helps to determine if there is a deficiency, as in anaemia, or if there is an overload, such as iron poisoning.
Also Known As: Fe
Iron and Total Iron-binding Capacity
This test, in combination with a serum iron test, is used to determine patients who have either iron deficiency or iron overload.
Also Known As: TIBC, transferrin saturation, Unsaturated Iron-binding Capacity (UIBC)
Lactic Acid Dehydrogenase
Testing for lactate dehydrogenase levels in the blood is a non-specific test that can indicate a wide range of disorders or diseases since it is found in almost all the cells in the body.
Also Known As: LD, LDH