Alkaline phosphatase is predominantly produced in liver, kidney, and bones. It is an extremely important diagnostic tool for hepatitis, cirrhosis, cholecystitis and many other serious health conditions.
Also Known As: ALP
A synthetic circular peptide containing citrulline called CCP IgG (cyclic citrullinated peptide) has been found to be better at discriminating Rheumatoid Arthritis patients from patients with other diseases such as hepatitis C infection.
Also Known As: Cyclic Citrullinated Peptide
Antinuclear antibodies are associated with rheumatic diseases including Systemic Lupus Erythematous (SLE), mixed connective tissue disease, Sjogren's syndrome, scleroderma, polymyositis, CREST syndrome, and neurologic SLE.
Also Known As: ANA-Hep2, FANA
This test measures levels of Calcitonin in the blood. Calcitonin is a hormone produced by the Thyroid Gland. Calcitonin production helps regulate the body's levels of calcium and phosphate. In most cases, having a deficiency or overload of calcitonin does not cause any negative health effects.
This test measures Calcium levels in a 24-hour urine sample. Calcium is a mineral which contributes to healthy bones and teeth as well as other functions including the nervous system, heart, and muscles. Measuring the calcium levels being passed from the body in urine can help determine if a person has an excess or deficiency.
Blood creatinine level is measured as a test of kidney function to estimate the glomerular filtration rate (GFR), the rate of blood flow through the kidneys.
Also Known As: CK, CPK, Creatine Phosphokinase
Testing for lactate dehydrogenase levels in the blood is a non-specific test that can indicate a wide range of disorders or diseases since it is found in almost all the cells in the body.
Also Known As: LD, LDH
This test measures Myoglobin levels in the blood. Myoglobin is a protein which helps provide oxygen to the heart and skeletal muscles allowing them to function properly. If the heart or skeletal muscles are damaged, myoglobin is released into the bloodstream. Measuring myoglobin levels can help detect a muscle injury or heart attack. Levels typically peak within 8-12 hours of the injury and return to normal within 24 hours.