An antibody screen, also known as an indirect antiglobulin test or an indirect Coombs test is a test used to detect different types of antibodies against red blood cells antigens and is found circulating in the bloodstream.
Also Known As: Indirect Antiglobulin Test, Indirect Coombs'
Bacterial sepsis constitutes one of the most serious infectious diseases. The detection of microorganisms in a patient's blood has importance in the diagnosis and prognosis of endocarditis, septicemia, or chronic bacteremia.
Carbon Monoxide, Blood
Carbon monoxide is the most common of the gaseous poisons. Malfunctioning or poorly ventilated heating appliances and internal combustion engines are frequent causes of carbon monoxide poisoning. Carbon monoxide combines reversibly with hemoglobin in a manner almost identical to oxygen resulting in a decrease in the amount of oxygen carried by hemoglobin.
Also Known As: Carboxyhemoglobin
CBC with Differential
A complete blood count is used as a screening test for various disease states including anemia, leukemia and inflammatory processes.
Also Known As: Complete Blood Count
Decreased levels of ceruloplasmin are found in Wilson's Disease, fulminant liver failure, intestinal malabsorption, renal failure resulting in proteinuria, chronic active hepatitis and malnutrition. Elevated levels are found in primary biliary cirrhosis, pregnancy (first trimester), oral contraceptive use and in acute inflammatory conditions since ceruloplasmin is an acute phase reactant.
D-Dimer is one of the measurable by-products of activation of the fibrinolytic system. Quantitation of D-Dimer assesses fibrinolytic activation and intravascular thrombosis. D-Dimer is of particular value in excluding the diagnosis of venous thromboembolism among patients at high risk.
Elevated levels of EPO occur in patients with anemias due to increased red cell destruction in hemolytic anemia. It can be associated with impaired oxygen delivery to the tissues, impaired pulmonary oxygen exchange, abnormal hemoglobins with increased oxygen affinity, constriction of the renal vasculature, and inappropriate EPO secretion caused by certain renal and extrarenal tumors.
Also Known As: EPO
Useful in the diagnosis of hypochromic, microcytic anemias. Decreased in iron deficiency anemia and increased in iron overload.
Fibrinogen is essential for the formation of a blood clot. Deficiency can produce mild to severe bleeding disorders.
Also Known As: Clottable Fibrinogen
Folic acid deficiency is common in pregnant women, alcoholics, in patients whose diets do not include raw fruits and vegetables, and in people with structural damage to the small intestine. Low folic acid levels, however, can also be the result of a primary vitamin B12 deficiency that decreases the ability of cells to take up folic acid.
Also Known As: Folic Acid
This test measures glucose levels in the blood. Glucose is the main source of energy for the body's cells. It is produced from the food a person eats, primarily carbohydrates. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps move glucose to the body's cells.